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By all reasonable means: least restrictive access guidance 

By All Reasonable Means guide contains advice and standards to help owners and managers improve access to countryside and public greenspace.

This best practice guide is designed to improve accessibility of countryside and public greenspace.

The original By All Reasonable Means publication

The guide was first was written by the Sensory Trust for Natural England in 2005. The guide contains advice and standards to help countryside and urban greenspace managers and owners improve accessibility of their sites, routes and facilities for visitors. Although the legislation has since changed, the principles and recommendations are still just as valid and the guide continues to be widely used to spearhead good practice.

The guide looks at accessibility in its broadest sense, including people with physical, sensory or intellectual impairments. It includes how to make routes, sites and facilities more accessible and how to improve the quality of visitor experience. It advise on how to assess the accessibility of existing sites and how to plan access improvements.

The guide is underpinned by the principle of involving disabled people in all stages of the process, from planning access improvements to evaluating their effectiveness. It also advocates the bedding in of an inclusive approach so it becomes a natural part of way an organisation does things.

The latest version of By All Reasonable Means

We produced a new version of the guide for Natural Resources Wales (NRW) in 2017. The guide builds on the original version and moves the agenda on from the Disability Discrimination Act to the wider remit covered by the Equality Act 2010.

The guide talks about how to improve access in relation to all of the nine protected characteristics. This reflects the progressive approach that the Welsh government, and NRW in particular, are taking to making their environment inclusive and ensuring that staff are up to date on the Equality Act 2010.

Using the principle of Least Restrictive Access

By All Reasonable Means balances access with the conservation of natural heritage. It acknowledges the reality of limited resources, and provides a realistic, practical and effective approach to encourage more action by managers and owners. The aim is for more access in more places for more people.

It is based on Least Restrictive Access, an approach that aims for the highest standards possible for a particular piece of work. In the absence of statutory standards for outdoor access improvements, the guide shows how owners and managers can identify standards and techniques appropriate to their site.

It also incorporates the Access Chain, a tool developed by the Sensory Trust to outline the different parts of the visitor experience, from decision to visit to the experience on site and the journey home, and the connections between them.

Image credit: Natural Resources Wales

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